Start-up notification - private traders

In colloquial Finnish, private traders are often called “toiminimi", “tmi", or “yksityisliike". On the Finnish Tax Administration website, they are also called self-employed, and “liikkeenharjoittaja" or “ammatinharjoittaja" in Finnish.

When you start working as a private trader, you must file a start-up notification with the PRH Trade Register if

  • you operate in permanent premises, such as a room separate from your home
  • you employ people other than your immediate family members (your spouse, or your child/grandchild who is a minor)
  • you want to protect the name of your business, and maintain the rights to the name, or
  • you operate in a licensed trade.

There is a handling fee for registering a start-up at the PRH Trade Register. An online notification is cheaper than a paper notification (service available in Finnish and in Swedish):

  • Online start-up notification: 60 euros
  • Start-up notification, using paper forms: 110 euros

See the price list on the PRH website at prh.fi.

If you do not have to register with the Trade Register and an entry in the registers at the Finnish Tax Administration is sufficient, filing the notification is free of charge.

Business ID

When you submit your start-up notification online, you will get a Business ID after signing the notification and paying the Trade Register handling fee.

If you submit your start-up notification on a paper form, you will get a Business ID within a couple of days after filing the notification.

Your business also gets entered into the VAT Register, Prepayment Register, and the Employer Register of the Finnish Tax Administration, which normally takes three weeks.

Filing your notification with the Trade Register and the Finnish Tax Administration online

If you are registering your company with both the Trade Register and the registers at the Finnish Tax Administration online, you file two separate notifications online. First you fill in your start-up notification with the Trade Register online. Then you register with the Finnish Tax Administration by filing a notification of changes online.

You can file your notification online if

  • you are at least 18 years old
  • you have a Finnish personal identity code
  • you have your own personal internet banking codes or mobile certificate or an electronic identity card (HST card).

Go to our instructions on start-up notification with the Trade Register on the PRH website at prh.fi.

Once you have filed your notification with the Trade Register and received your Business ID, use the online notification of changes to register your company with the VAT Register, Prepayment Register, and Employer Register at the Finnish Tax Administration. You can also provide other necessary information with the notification. In addition, private traders pay advance tax on their income. You can apply for advance tax. For further instructions, go to the Finnish Tax Administration’s website vero.fi.

Please note that the online service is only available in Finnish and in Swedish.

Start-up notification using our paper forms

Fill in form Y3 in Finnish or in Swedish if you file a start-up notification using our paper forms. Fill also in the personal data form required by the PRH Trade Register.

Please scroll down for the forms.

Save the form to your computer to be able to fill it in. Fill in the forms on your computer, then print them at A4 size, and send them to the address given on the form.

When you file your notification with the PRH Trade Register on a paper form, you must pay the handling fee in advance. Enclose the receipt with the notification. See the payment instructions on the PRH website.

In addition to private traders, agricultural and forestry traders also register their start-ups using form Y3. Agricultural traders include independent entrepreneurs engaged in agriculture and forestry, two spouses conducting the business together, or estates of deceased persons. Forestry traders include private persons, two spouses together, or estates of deceased persons that own forest land.

If you already have a Business ID and you want to file your company with the Trade Register, do not use the start-up notification but file a notification of changes using form Y6 and the personal data form. Give your existing Business ID on the form. In the fields of the form Y6, fill in your basic details and the details that will be filed with the Trade Register: company name, place of registered office, address, and line of business. Read the instructions for the notification of changes.

Please fill in the forms in Finnish or in Swedish.

Download paper forms and instructions